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  • Rwanda energy primary use is dominated by biomass which accounts for 85%;
  • Total installed generation capacity of 186 MW
  • 24.5% connectivity rate (23% on-grid and 1.5% off-grid).
Power Generation Targets
  • Biomass (wood energy) to drop from 86.3% to 50% by 2020;
  • Generation capacity to reach 563 MW by 2017/18;  
  • Access to electricity to expand to 70% by2017/18;  
  • Public institutions to be connected 100% by 2017/18.


  • Diversification of Energy sources;
  •  Focus on domestic sources of energy and phasing out heavy/fossil-fuel generation;
  •  Involvement of the private sector in power generation through Independent Power Producers (IPP’s) and Private Public Partnerships (PPP’s) structures;
  • Provision of Power Purchase Agreement, underpinned with a minimum 25 years concession Agreement.
Investment Opportunities
  • Methane gas to power
  • Geothermal   
  • Peat to power
  • Micro Hydropower
  • Off-grid , and mini grid solutions
Regulatory framework
  • Ministry of Infrastructure (for policy and strategy formulation, and granting both concessions and MoU’s)
  • Rwanda Energy Group (implementing Company, providing both technical assessment, and Power Purchase Agreements)
  • Rwanda Development Board (Investment process, guidance, facilitation, leading negotiations for strategic projects, issuing EIA, and providing  incentives)
  • Rwanda Utility Regulatory Authority (setting tariffs, regulate the sector, and provision of licenses in the sector).
Investment Process

Competitive approach (Projects granted through open tendering process):

  • For strategic projects (big sized projects) and;
  • For projects where the government has partly or fully invested in their development phases;

Non-competitive approach (projects granted on proposal evaluation basis):

  • For unsolicited projects;
  • Small scale projects
Incentives to private developers in the power sector
  • Infrastructure support,
  • A variety of non-fiscal and fiscal incentives (tax exemption including VAT on importation of power equipment, investment allowance up to 50%, free repatriation of profits, 100% written-off development and research costs,…)
  • Provision of key account managers to fast-track the project in the implementation process
Estimated Power Generation Costs
  • The installation cost for 1MW from Methane is estimated to $3,700,000;
  • The installation cost for 1MW from Geothermal is estimated to $ 3,500,000;
  • The installation cost for 1MW from Peat is estimated to $3,200,000
  • The installation cost for 1MW from Hydropower is estimated to $4,000,000
  • The installation cost for 1MW from solar is estimated to $2,800,000
Feed in Tariffs
  • Subject to negotiation
End – User Tariffs (excluding VAT)

Industries (Average tariff $22 cent/kWh): 126Rwf/$16 cents/Kwh;
Ordinary consumption: 182 Rwf /$23.6 cents/Kwh.

Key Private Players (IPP’s)
  • KivuWatt  developing 100MW from methane by Contour Global (US)
  • Hakan developing 120MW from peat  (Turkish )
  • Symbion Power to develop 50MW from Methane (US)
  • Goldsol II developing 10MW from Solar (Portugal, South Africa and Rwanda )
  • Ngali Energy developing Micro hydropower project for 45MW (Rwanda)
  • Gigawatt Global operating 8.5 MW from solar (Israel)
Contact Us

For any further details/information you may require, please contact:

Olivier Ngororabanga
Analyst (Energy)
Strategic Investment Department
Rwanda Development Board.


Yves Tuyishime
Energy Specialist
Investment Promotion and Facilitation Department
Rwanda Development Board.

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